THE NEW TOYOTA AVENSIS 2.2-LITRE D-4D

First in a new diesel power generation

KEY POINTS

  • New all-aluminium 2.2-litre D-4D engine for the Toyota Avensis
  • 148bhp at 3,600rpm and 310Nm from 2,000 to 3,200rpm
  • Lightweight all-aluminium construction
  • Maximum speed 130mph, 0-62mph in 9.3 seconds
  • 47.9mpg combined cycle fuel economy
  • 156g/km carbon dioxide emissions rating – band D for Vehicle Excise Duty
  • Low emissions place it in same company car tax band as 2.0-litre D-4D Avensis
  • Low nitrogen oxides and particulate matter (NOx and PM) emissions
  • New, compact and lightweight six-speed transmission
  • Improved vehicle NVH performance for a calmer, smoother driving experience
  • First engine in a new generation of Toyota diesel power units
  • On sale in the UK from 1 July
  • Available in saloon, hatchback and Tourer body styles in T3-S, T3-X, T4 and T Spirit grades
  • Prices from £18,145 (T3 saloon/hatchback)
  • 175bhp 2.2-litre D-4D engine with D-CAT (Diesel Clean Advanced Technology) system to join UK Avensis range in mid-2006

AIMED AT THE HEART OF THE DIESEL MARKET

The introduction of the new 2.2-litre D-4D engine will make the Toyota Avensis an even stronger prospect. The new 148bhp 2.2-litre D-4D will join the existing 114bhp 2.0-litre D-4D engine from 1 July, while in 2006 the choice will extend to include a 175bhp 2.2-litre D-4D with D-CAT technology for exceptional emissions performance.

The 148bhp engine enters the largest section of the diesel D segment in the UK, accounting for 58 per cent of sales in 2004. It is expected to become the most popular engine in the Avensis range, claiming up to 29 per cent of the sales mix in Europe.

The existing 2.0-litre D-4D and the new 2.2-litre unit will between them cover 95 per cent of the diesel D segment demand in the UK; with the introduction of the 175bhp unit next year, the range will address 99 per cent of the sector in terms of power range.

The 2.2-litre D-4D will be available in Avensis saloon, hatchback and Tourer body styles in T3-S, T3-X, T4 and T Spirit grades with prices from £18,145 for the T3-S and the T3-X saloon and hatchback.

At the same time as the new engine becomes available, the Avensis is being offered with a new exterior colour, Alsace Granite, and with a new gearlever design, specific to the 2.2-litre D-4D.

THE AVENSIS: TOYOTA’S EUROPEAN FLAGSHIP, BUILT IN BRITAIN

Launched in 2002, the Avensis is the flagship of Toyota’s European model range, bringing outstanding safety performance, style and all-embracing superior quality to the D segment.

In 2004 Avensis achieved its highest sales figures yet in the UK, rising by more than 12 per cent on the previous year with a 5.7 per cent segment share. This surge was fuelled by a rise of more than a third in fleet sales.

The model’s success in the UK is reflected across Europe as a whole where sales rose above 145,000 units in 2004, an increase of more than 25 per cent on 2003. This raised Avensis to fifth place in the European D segment.

Worldwide production of the Avensis is at Toyota’s Burnaston factory near Derby. Last year rising demand, including the first Avensis imports to Japan, prompted an increase in production capacity at the factory to 285,000 units a year from mid-2005. Toyota invested an extra £50 million at Burnaston, creating an extra 500 jobs. Toyota’s total investment in its UK manufacturing operations now stands at more than £1.75 billion.

LIGHTWEIGHT ENGINE CONSTRUCTION

Toyota has adopted an all-aluminium construction for its new 2.2-litre D-4D engines, following the concept it pioneered with the 1.4-litre D-4D unit used in the Corolla and Yaris models.

As a result, both versions (148 and 175bhp) of the new engine are lighter than competitor units that still use a cast iron block.

THE 148bhp D-4D ENGINE

The 148bhp 2.2-litre D-4D engine has been designed to offer a good balance of power and economy.

Key to its performance is its strong torque performance: with a maximum 310Nm from 2,000 to 3,200rpm, it provides great driveability. This is demonstrated in a time of 10.6 seconds for acceleration from 50 to 70mph in fifth gear.

The unit is positioned at the heart of the D segment diesel market, which should ensure it becomes the best-selling engine in the Avensis range. Carbon dioxide emissions are 156g/km, just 1g/km more than Toyota’s 2.0-litre D-4D unit, which means models using the new engine are placed in the same company car tax bracket as their 2.0-litre diesel equivalents.

The 2.2-litre D-4D will power the Avensis from rest to 62mph in 9.3 seconds and attain a top speed of 130mph. Combined cycle fuel consumption is 47.9mpg (47.1mpg for Tourer versions).

THE 175bhp 2.2 D-4D ENGINE

A further development of the new 2.2-litre D-4D engine will be a 175bhp D-CAT unit that will be available in the UK in mid-2006.

Its excellent performance and efficiency will be aided by piezoelectric injection technology, used for the first time in an engine of this capacity. The piezoelectric injectors can inject larger volumes of fuel twice as fast as conventional solenoid injectors.

The engine will give the Avensis a top speed of 137mph and 0-62mph acceleration in 8.6 seconds. Combined cycle fuel economy is 46.3mpg (45.6mpg for the Tourer).

Toyota D-CAT

The 175bhp engine uses Toyota D-CAT technology to bring harmful exhaust emissions down to the lowest levels of any modern diesel engine. Its performance is well below the levels required by Euro IV and its CO2 emissions rating of 161g/km is just 5g/km higher than for the 148bhp engine.

NEW SIX-SPEED MANUAL TRANSMISSION

Both 2.2-litre D-4D engines use a new six-speed manual gearbox, designed to provide smooth, quick and precise shifts. The new unit is both robust and very compact, at 384mm long and uses the lowest viscosity oil available which helps improve fuel consumption.

LOW COST OF OWNERSHIP

As with all its new products, Toyota has designed the 2.2-litre D-4D engine to be simple and cheap to maintain with the engine running on mineral or semi-synthetic lubricant, which is cheaper than the fully synthetic kind used by rival engines.

The 2.2-litre D-4D matches its 2.0-litre D-4D stablemate in requiring only 4.2 labour hours for routine maintenance up to 60,000 miles, adding to the low cost of ownership profile.

IMPROVED NVH AND DRIVING DYNAMICS

The new 2.2-litre D-4D engine has improved NVH performance, aided by a low compression ratio and the adoption of a balancer shaft that significantly reduces engine booming.

Avensis models equipped with the engine will also use a noise-suppressing acoustic windscreen and benefit from improved and additional insulation in key areas.

At the same time, improvements have been made to the suspension system to suit the new engine’s performance. This includes stiffer spring and damper rates and adjustment of the power steering pump for quicker responses.

BUILT IN EUROPE

The new 2.2-litre D-4D engine is produced at a new Toyota factory in Jelcz-Laskowice in Poland – Toyota’s eighth manufacturing centre in Europe.

Toyota Motor Industries Poland (TMIP) was announced in 2001 and building work on the site was completed in 2004. Engine production started in March this year and will reach a maximum output of 180,000 units a year in 2007. Toyota has invested £200 million (approximately £140 million) in TMIP.

TOYOTA AVENSIS 148bhp 2.2-litre D-4D PRICES

Details of the full Toyota Avensis 148bhp 2.2 D-4D range and pricing are given in the table below.

MODEL

PRICE

T3-S saloon/hatchback

£18,145

T3-S Tourer

£19,145

T3-X saloon/hatchback

£18,145

T3-X Tourer

£19,145

T4 saloon/hatchback

£19,645

T4 Tourer

£20,645

T Spirit saloon/hatchback

£20,895

T Spirit Tourer

£21,895

TOYOTA 148 and 175bhp 2.2-litre D-4D TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

ENGINE

2.2-litre D-4D

148bhp

2.2-litre D-4D 175bhp

Type

In-line 4-cylinder with Variable Nozzle Turbocharger and intercooler

Cylinder head material

Aluminium

Engine block material

Aluminium

Fuel type

48 Cetane diesel (or higher)

Injection type

Direct, common rail, multiple fuel injection

Injection pressure (bar)

1,670

1,800

Emission control system

Oxidation catalyst

Toyota D-CAT + oxidation catalyst

Valve mechanism

DOHC 16-valve

Displacement (cc)

2,231

Bore x stroke (mm)

86.0 x 96.0

Compression ratio (:1)

16.8

15.8

Max. power (bhp/rpm)

148/3,600

175/3,600

Max. torque (Nm/rpm)

310/2,000-3,200

400/2,000-2,600

TRANSMISSION
Drive type

Front-wheel drive

Gearbox type

Six-speed manual

Gear ratios 1st

3.538

3.538

2nd

1.913

1.913

3rd

1.218

1.218

4th

0.860

0.860

5th

0.790

0.790

6th

0.673

0.638

Reverse

3.831

3.831

PERFORMANCE
Max. speed (mph)

130

137

0-62mph (sec)

9.3

8.6

FUEL CONSUMPTION (mpg)
Combined (Tourer)

47.9 (47.1)

46.3 (45.6)

Urban (Tourer)

37.2 (36.7)

37.2 (37.2)

Extra-urban

57.6 (57.6)

54.3 (53.3)

EMISSIONS
Combined CO2 (g/km) Saloon/hatch

156

161

Tourer

158

163

NOx (g/km)

0.24

0.11

PM (g/km)

0.020

0.002

ENDS

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